A short article about the second biggest cryptocurrency in terms of market cap, at $16.2 B at the beginning of December 2019.
Many newcomers to cryptocurrency do not know that there are other cryptocurrencies besides the original crypto. If bitcoin aims to be the next digital money that replaces internet banking than Ethereum is a next level operating system for complex financial systems replacing third parties which are vulnerable to external influences.
“Bitcoin is first and foremost a currency; this is one particular application of a blockchain. However, it is far from the only application. To take a past example of a similar situation, e-mail is one particular use of the internet, and for sure helped popularise it, but there are many others.”
Ethereum Co-Founder, Dr Gavin Wood
Ethereum is basically a blockchain-based computing platform and operating system. It can function as a stand-alone cryptocurrency (Ether) and allows others to build tokens and other decentralized applications on the ethereum network.
The Ethereum network was used to create a new form of funding called ICOs (Initial coin offerings) through the use of it’s smart contracts. The first token sale was held in 2013.
The Ethereum Price is currently $263.04 (17/02/20), this is way down from Ethereum’s all time high at its peak of around $1400 with a market cap of $132 Billion at the time in January 2018.
The meteoric rise in the value of Ethereum was driven by the ICOs and the Bitcoin Bull run in 2017, but crashed due to the fall of ICOs as a method of raising funding due to scams and governments clamping down on ICOs ( the SEC in particular).
Ethereum vs Ethereum Classic
Ethereum went live in July 2015 where around 72 million Ethereum coins were ‘Pre-mined”.
A flaw in some smart contracts led to the theft of $50 Million worth of Ether, which led to an Ethereum fork (split) into two seperate blockchains.
The new version was called Ethereum (ETH) and the one based on the original vulnerable version was renamed Ethereum Classic (ETC).